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bd40bc7c7a For example, developing countries can raise taxes on imports up to the maximum level determined during the WTO negotiations, without violating WTO rules. During the 1990s India observed large declines in poverty and liberalized trade likely contributed to these declines in poverty via growth, declines in consumer prices, and access to more varieties of products. As a result, freer trade improved aggregate productivity by reallocating market share away from less efficient toward more efficient producers. Goldberg, P. But it harms Indian firms and workers in automobile industry because automobile production requires steel. About About Us Contact Information Historical Archives Research Programs Working Groups Research Disclosure Policy Employment and Fellowships Sitemap Links to other Resources Search Map/Directions: 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138 ph: 617-868-3900 email: infonber.org Close Close .. Jakarta/ISAPI/isapiredirector/1.2.40 .. People James Poterba, president James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Some regions have higher concentration of employment in industries that benefit from new export opportunities, while others do not.
Studies have shown that such trade-induced reallocation accounted for up to two thirds of aggregate productivity improvements associated with trade in countries such as Chile, Mexico, and Colombia. Nous vous rpondrons dans les meilleurs dlais : redactionlaviedesidees.fr. However, aggregate gains from free trade are not necessarily equally distributed, so that trade liberalization has important costs for some people. Become a subscriber NBER Research Disclosure Policy Close Activities NBER activities are organized into Programs and Working Groups. citation courtesy of Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these: Markusen and Strand w12816 Trade in Business Services in General Equilibrium Lipsey w12271 Measuring International Trade in Services Dee, Hanslow, and Phamduc Measuring the Cost of Barriers to Trade in Services Whalley w10143 Liberalization in China's Key Service Sectors Following WTO Accession: Some Scenarios and Issues of Measurement Goldberg and Pavcnik w10593 Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: infonber.org Contact Us Working Papers & Publications Working Papers (MORE SEARCH OPTIONS) AUTHOR OR TITLE SEARCH OF WORKING PAPERS This Week's Working Papers Check to see if you are eligible for Free Downloads Become a subscriber Books SEARCH NBER BOOKS Recent Books Earlier Books (by decade) Browse books by Series Chapters from Books In Process Free Publications Bulletin on Aging and Health Digest — Non-technical summaries of 4-8 working papers per month Reporter — News about the Bureau and its activities. As a result, lower trade barriers not only made prices of existing imports cheaper, but also enabled Indian firms to access new types of inputs. Researchers used detailed nationally representative data of workers, households, and firms that span the period of these reforms to study the consequences of trade liberalizations for growth, living standards, and poverty in developing world. Khandelwahl, A., N. In these recessionary times, it is thus important to examine why policy makers in developing countries should not succumb to protectionist pressures and continue support freer trade. There are several factors that could account for difficulty of some individuals in poor countries to reallocate toward firms, industries, and regions with more economic opportunities.